The definition of a filter is a list of Strings. Blank lines and lines beginning with # are ignored. Changes in the filter definition take effect on restart of the tunnel.
Each line can represent one of these items:
- definition of a default threshold to apply to any remote destinations not listed in this file or any of the referenced files
- definition of a threshold to apply to a specific remote destination
- definition of a threshold to apply to remote destinations listed in a file
- definition of a threshold that if breached will cause the offending remote destination to be recorded in a specified file
The order of the definitions matters. The first threshold for a given destination (whether explicit or listed in a file) overrides any future thresholds for the same destination, whether explicit or listed in a file.
A threshold is defined by the number of connection attempts a remote destination is permitted to perform over a specified number of seconds before a "breach" occurs. For example the following threshold definition "15/5" means that the same remote destination is allowed to make 14 connection attempts over a 5 second period, If it makes one more attempt within the same period, the threshold will be breached.
The threshold format can be one of the following:
- Numeric definition of number of connections over number seconds - "15/5", "30/60", and so on. Note that if the number of connections is 1 (as for example in "1/1") the first connection attempt will result in a breach.
- The word "allow". This threshold is never breached, i.e. infinite number of connection attempts is permitted.
- The word "deny". This threshold is always breached, i.e. no connection attempts will be allowed.
The default threshold applies to any remote destinations that are not explicitly listed in the definition or in any of the referenced files. To set a default threshold use the keyword "default". The following are examples of default thresholds:
15/5 default allow default deny default
There can be Only one definition of a default threshold per filter. If it's ommitted, the filter will allow unknown connections by default.
Explicit thresholds are applied to a remote destination listed in the definition itself. Examples:
15/5 explicit asdfasdfasdf.b32.i2p allow explicit fdsafdsafdsa.b32.i2p deny explicit qwerqwerqwer.b32.i2p
For convenience it is possible to maintain a list of destinations in a file and define a threshold for all of them in bulk. Examples:
15/5 file /path/throttled_destinations.txt deny file /path/forbidden_destinations.txt allow file /path/unlimited_destinations.txt
These files can be edited by hand while the tunnel is running. Changes to these files may take up to 10 seconds to take effect.
Recorders keep track of connection attempts made by a remote destination, and if that breaches a certain threshold, that destination gets recorded in a given file. Examples:
30/5 record /path/aggressive.txt 60/5 record /path/very_aggressive.txt
It is possible to use a recorder to record aggressive destinations to a given file, and then use that same file to throttle them. For example, the following snippet will define a filter that initially allows all connection attempts, but if any single destination exceeds 30 attempts per 5 seconds it gets throttled down to 15 attempts per 5 seconds:
# by default there are no limits allow default # but record overly aggressive destinations 30/5 record /path/throttled.txt # and any that end up in that file will get throttled in the future 15/5 file /path/throttled.txt
It is possible to use a recorder in one tunnel that writes to a file that throttles another tunnel. It is possible to reuse the same file with destinations in multiple tunnels. And of course, it is possible to edit these files by hand.
Here is an example filter definition that applies some throttling by default, no throttling for destinations in the file "friends.txt", forbids any connections from destinations in the file "enemies.txt" and records any aggressive behavior in a file called "suspicious.txt":
15/5 default allow file /path/friends.txt deny file /path/enemies.txt 60/5 record /path/suspicious.txt